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Journal of Research in Ayurvedic Sciences 2022 October - December ; 6 (4) :152-159
Efficacy of Ayurveda formulations, Panchamrit Lauha Guggulu and Panchguna Taila in the management of Cervical Spondylosis (Greevagraha): A prospective single-arm clinical trial

BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylosis (CS) is a degenerative disease of intervertebral discs with the formation of osteophytes in the cervical vertebrae. Based on the similarity in symptoms such as intermittent neck and shoulder pain, pain and stiffness radiating to the shoulder or occipital region, restricted neck movements, numbness, and weakness in arms, hands, and fingers, CS can be correlated with Greevagraha—a disease of the neck narrated in Ayurveda. In Ayurveda, the formulations Panchamrit Lauha Guggulu (PLG) and Panchguna Taila (PGT) have been narrated in treating musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of PLG and PGT in the management of CS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective, single-arm, open-label clinical study. A total of 63 patients aged 30–60 years diagnosed with CS have been treated with PLG 250?mg twice a day orally with lukewarm water after food and an external application of PGT at the neck region. The total duration of the treatment was 12 weeks, with a follow-up every 2 weeks and a post treatment follow-up after 2 weeks of the treatment. The outcome measures include change in Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPNPQ) score, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score for cardinal features, SF-36 (research and development [RAND]) Health Survey Score, and incidence of adverse events (if any). RESULTS: At baseline, X-ray findings of all participants (100%) had degenerative changes at different levels of cervical vertebrae; however, posttreatment X-ray findings (on the 84th day of study) showed normal X-ray findings in eight participants (5.04%). A significant reduction in the total VAS score (P < 0.001) was observed on day 84 and day 98. The mean NPNPQ score reduced significantly (P < 0.0001), and a highly significant change was observed in the SF-36 Health Survey Score (P < 0.0001). No adverse events were reported during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: PLG and PGT have shown promising outcomes in managing CS and were also safe. However, randomized control trials with adequate sample size, standard care as control, and a longer follow-up may be planned to establish the findings of this preliminary study. Keywords: Cervical spondylosis, Greevagraha, Panchamrit Lauha Guggulu, Panchguna Taila

DHARA ID: D060681

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