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Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications 2000 May ; (2) :0
Amounts and variation in grapefruit juice of the main components causing grapefruit-drug interaction.

Abstract
A method for the determination of three furocoumarins containing two new chemicals (GF-I-1 and GF-I-4) in commercially available grapefruit juice and grapefruit itself was developed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). These components isolated from grapefruit juice have 5-geranyloxyfurocoumarin dimer structures showing extremely high affinities for a form of cytochrome P450 (CYP3A4). Considerable differences were observed on the contents among commercial brands and also batches. The contents were determined to be 321.4+/-95.2 ng/ml GF-I-1, 5641.2+/-1538.1 ng/ml GF-I-2 and 296.3+/-84.9 ng/ml GF-I-4 in twenty-eight white grapefruit juices. These chemicals were not detected in beverages from orange, apple, grape and tangerine, except that trace amount of GF-I-2 and GF-I-4 were found in lemon juice. The average levels of these furocoumarins were lower in the juice from red grapefruit than a white one. The highest level of these components were found in the fruit meat.

DHARA ID: D041952 Pubmed ID: 10872589


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